With the weather beginning to warm up, and summer vegetable gardens well on their way, now is the perfect time to start composting! Composting is a great way to cut down on the amount of food waste you throw out, and if you are a gardener, compost makes a great way to naturally fertilize plants. I’ve compiled some step-by-step instructions to help you start composting and stop wasting!
- First, find an appropriate container. Making a pile on the ground is fine too, but most composters find that a bin makes composting more clean and neat, and will also keep scavenging animals out of your compost. The compost container should be at least 1 cubic yard for garden-sized soil production, but if you’re composting indoors, smaller bins are also fine.
- Next, start adding compost to your bin! Compost should be an even mix of green food and plant waste, and brown, carbon-rich matter (ie fall leaves, dead plants, cardboard, etc). Here’s a handy list of things that can be composted.
- Make sure your compost mixture is moist, and also has enough air, so that bacteria can break down your compost matter. Turn or mix your compost at least once every two weeks.
- Don’t put meat; bones; fish and fish bones; plastic or synthetic fibers; oil or fat; pet or human feces; or cat litter in your compost bin, as these items are safety hazards. Dispose of these items in your regular garbage.
- Finally, harvest your compost by removing the layer of rich, naturally-fertilized soil from the bottom of your container.